Cultural Aspects of Cartographic Creation: Use of Mental Maps in Cross-cultural Research

Journal / Conference: 26th ICC Dresden (August 25-30, 2013)
Authors: Jan D. Bláha
Year: 2013
Category of Publication: Contribution in Conference Proceedings
Pages, web: s. 1–15
Keywords: cross-culture research, mental maps, map stylistics, cultural specificities of artifacts
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Abstract: Although the interdisciplinary study of the cultural aspects of cartographic creation has in the recent past been dealt with in an indirect manner, for example by J.B. Harley and D. Woodward in the project “His-tory of Cartography”, the question has not as yet been adequately taken up on a complex level. The author of the present study attempts a more com-plex approach in his treatment of the problem. This paper includes a theo-retical introduction devoted to map contents, map style and map language, which together represent the greatest potential cultural differences embod-ied by a map, considered here in its role as a depiction of reality and a visual manifestation of culture. A portion of the study focusing on method assess-es the procedures employed in the formation of cognitive and mental maps by users and map creators. These maps may be used to discover cultural specifics of cartographic creation. The final portion of the study presents the findings of a field study of the mental maps of school children from Czechia, Western Europe and the village of Yawan (Papua-New Guinea).
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